ANN ARBOR, Mich.—As the first anniversary of the Egyptian revolution approaches on Jan. 25, sociologist Mansoor Moaddel is available to discuss trends in religious, political and cultural values in Egypt and other Arab countries.
Moaddel, who is affiliated with the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research and with Eastern Michigan University, directs the Middle Eastern Values Study, a systematic, comparative study of the values and attitudes of the population in Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Iraq and other Islamic countries.
Findings from surveys conducted in Egypt and Lebanon in summer 2011 show that the Arab Spring movements are predominantly motivated by a desire for democracy and economic prosperity, according to Moaddel.
“Only about 9 percent of the respondents from both countries believed that these movements aimed to establish an Islamic government,” Moaddel said. “Fully 84 percent of Egyptians and 66 percent of Lebanese surveyed believed that these movements were motivated either by a desire for freedom and democracy, or a desire for economic prosperity.”