ANN ARBOR—Consumer sentiment has continued to move along the high plateau established following Donald Trump’s election. The May 2017 figure was virtually unchanged from the April reading, and nearly identical with the December to May average of 97.3, according to the University of Michigan (U-M) Surveys of Consumers.
The partisan divide between Democrats and Republicans also remained largely unchanged, with the first expecting a recession and the other more robust economic growth, according to U-M economist Richard Curtin, who directs the Surveys. Despite the expected bounce-back in spending in the current quarter, personal consumption is expected to advance by 2.3 percent in 2017, although this is based on averages across the political divide, which has never been as extreme as it is currently.
Conducted by the U-M Institute for Social Research (ISR) since 1946, the Surveys monitor consumer attitudes and expectations. The data are available non-exclusively via Bloomberg.
“How long will economic expectations be dominated by partisanship? Unlike differences in expectations across age, education, or income groups, which usually reflect actual differences in prospects for employment and income expectations, for example, partisanship is reflected in economic policy preferences,” said Curtin. “Since no major policies, such as healthcare, taxes, or infrastructure spending have yet been adopted, the partisan divide may reflect differences in policy preferences expressed as expected economic outcomes. Thus, the extreme partisan divide may persist until passage is deemed either inevitable or impossible. While extremes may well narrow, it is unlikely that the impact of partisanship on economic expectations will disappear.”
Partisan impact on personal finances
More consumers reported an improved financial situation in May than at anytime in the past dozen years. The financial strength was due to gains in incomes as well as gains in household wealth driven by rising stock prices and home values. Few consumers complained about inflation eroding their living standards, and the highest proportion in a decade expected inflation-adjusted income gains during the year ahead.
Partisan economic outlook
Selective perception of economic news still dominates. Favorable news about recent economic developments was reported by 84 percent of Republicans but just 37 percent of Democrats; unfavorable developments were reported by just 19 percent of Republicans but by 73 percent of Democrats. The difference involved references to jobs and economic policies, with Republicans holding more favorable views on jobs and policies than Democrats. The impact of this divide led most Republicans to expect a robust expansion and most Democrats to anticipate a recession.
Consumer Sentiment Index
The Consumer Sentiment Index was 97.1 in May 2017, just above the 97.0 in April, and above last May’s 94.7. The Current Conditions Index was 111.7 in May, between April’s 112.7 and above last May’s 109.9. The Expectations Index was 87.7 in May, just ahead of April’s 87.0 and last May’s 84.9. All three Indices have remained quite favorable and have exhibited little variation in the past six months.
About the Surveys
The Surveys of Consumers is a rotating panel survey based on a nationally representative sample that gives each household in the coterminous U.S. an equal probability of being selected. Interviews are conducted throughout the month by telephone. The minimum monthly change required for significance at the 95 percent level in the Sentiment Index is 4.8 points; for Current and Expectations Indices the minimum is 6.0 points.
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